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# - GPLv3
# The Pyrocko Developers, 21st Century
# ---|P------/S----------~Lg----------
from __future__ import absolute_import
import math
import numpy as num
from StringIO import StringIO as BytesIO
except ImportError:
from io import BytesIO
from pyrocko import trace
d2r = math.pi/180.
class SacPoleZeroError(Exception):
def read_sac_zpk(filename=None, file=None, string=None, get_comments=False):
Read SAC Pole-Zero file.
:returns: ``(zeros, poles, constant)`` or
``(zeros, poles, constant, comments)`` if ``get_comments`` is True.
if filename is not None:
f = open(filename, 'rb')
elif file is not None:
f = file
elif string is not None:
f = BytesIO(string)
sects = ('ZEROS', 'POLES', 'CONSTANT')
sectdata = {'ZEROS': [], 'POLES': []}
npoles = 0
nzeros = 0
constant = 1.0
atsect = None
comments = []
for iline, line in enumerate(f):
line = str(line.decode('ascii'))
toks = line.split()
if len(toks) == 0:
if toks[0][0] in '*#':
if len(toks) != 2:
raise SacPoleZeroError(
'Expected 2 tokens in line %i of file %s'
% (iline+1, filename))
if toks[0].startswith('*'):
lsect = toks[0].upper()
if lsect in sects:
atsect = lsect
sectdata[atsect] = []
if lsect.upper() == 'ZEROS':
nzeros = int(toks[1])
elif toks[0].upper() == 'POLES':
npoles = int(toks[1])
elif toks[0].upper() == 'CONSTANT':
constant = float(toks[1])
if atsect:
complex(float(toks[0]), float(toks[1])))
if f != file:
poles = sectdata['POLES']
zeros = sectdata['ZEROS']
npoles_ = len(poles)
nzeros_ = len(zeros)
if npoles_ > npoles:
raise SacPoleZeroError(
'Expected %i poles but found %i in pole-zero file "%s"'
% (npoles, npoles_, filename))
if nzeros_ > nzeros:
raise SacPoleZeroError(
'Expected %i zeros but found %i in pole-zero file "%s"'
% (nzeros, nzeros_, filename))
if npoles_ < npoles:
if nzeros_ < npoles:
if len(poles) == 0 and len(zeros) == 0:
raise SacPoleZeroError(
'No poles and zeros found in file "%s"' % (filename))
if not num.all(num.isfinite(poles)):
raise SacPoleZeroError(
'Not finite pole(s) found in pole-zero file "%s"'
% filename)
if not num.all(num.isfinite(zeros)):
raise SacPoleZeroError(
'Not finite zero(s) found in pole-zero file "%s"'
% filename)
if not num.isfinite(constant):
raise SacPoleZeroError(
'Ivalid constant (%g) found in pole-zero file "%s"'
% (constant, filename))
if get_comments:
return zeros, poles, constant, comments
return zeros, poles, constant
def write_sac_zpk(zeros, poles, constant, filename):
if hasattr(filename, 'write'):
f = filename
f = open('w', filename)
def write_complex(x):
f.write('%12.8g %12.8g\n' % (complex(x).real, complex(x).imag))
f.write('POLES %i\n' % len(poles))
for p in poles:
if p != 0.0:
f.write('ZEROS %i\n' % len(zeros))
for z in zeros:
if z != 0.0:
f.write('CONSTANT %12.8g\n' % constant)
if not hasattr(filename, 'write'):
def evaluate(zeros, poles, constant, fmin=0.001, fmax=100., nf=100):
logfmin = math.log(fmin)
logfmax = math.log(fmax)
logf = num.linspace(logfmin, logfmax, nf)
f = num.exp(logf)
trans = trace.PoleZeroResponse(zeros, poles, constant)
return f, trans.evaluate(f)
def evaluate_at(zeros, poles, constant, f):
jomeg = 1.0j * 2. * math.pi * f
a = constant
for z in zeros:
a *= jomeg-z
for p in poles:
a /= jomeg-p
return a
def read_to_pyrocko_response(filename=None, file=None, string=None):
Read SAC pole-zero file into Pyrocko response object.
:returns: Response as a :py:class:~pyrocko.trace.PoleZeroResponse` object.
from pyrocko import trace
zeros, poles, constant = read_sac_zpk(
filename=filename, file=file, string=string)
return trace.PoleZeroResponse(zeros, poles, constant)
def read_to_stationxml_response(
input_unit, output_unit, normalization_frequency=1.0,
filename=None, file=None, string=None):
Read SAC pole-zero file into StationXML response object.
:param input_unit: Input unit to be reported in the StationXML response.
:type input_unit: str
:param output_unit: Output unit to be reported in the StationXML response.
:type output_unit: str
:param normalization_frequency: Frequency where the normalization factor
for the StationXML response should be computed.
:type normalization_frequency: float
:returns: Response as a` object
with a single pole-zero response stage.
from import stationxml
presponse = read_to_pyrocko_response(
filename=filename, file=file, string=string)
return stationxml.Response.from_pyrocko_pz_response(
presponse, input_unit, output_unit, normalization_frequency)
def plot_amplitudes_zpk(
zpks, filename_pdf,
from pyrocko.plot import gmtpy
p = gmtpy.LogLogPlot(width=30*, yexp=0)
for i, (zeros, poles, constant) in enumerate(zpks):
f, h = evaluate(zeros, poles, constant, fmin, fmax, nf)
if fnorm is not None:
h /= evaluate_at(zeros, poles, constant, fnorm)
amp = num.abs(h)
p.plot((f, amp), '-W2p,%s' % gmtpy.color(i))
def plot_phases_zpk(zpks, filename_pdf, fmin=0.001, fmax=100., nf=100):
from pyrocko.plot import gmtpy
p = gmtpy.LogLinPlot(width=30*
for i, (zeros, poles, constant) in enumerate(zpks):
f, h = evaluate(zeros, poles, constant, fmin, fmax, nf)
phase = num.unwrap(num.angle(h)) / d2r
p.plot((f, phase), '-W1p,%s' % gmtpy.color(i))